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Ports and Harbours Bureau
Ports and harbors anti-earthquake measures

1  Summary of the Council for Transport Policy Report "Making Ports and Harbors Strong Against Earthquakes" (March 22, 2005).
  - Towards Construction of a Marine Transport Network Strong Against Disasters and Improvement of Local Disaster Prevention Capabilities -

 1.  Disaster prevention functions to be requested at ports and harbors when a large-scale earthquake occurs

 1)  Disaster prevention base function for disaster recovery
Together with their function as a base for transporting emergency goods and moving evacuees by ship, following a disaster ports and harbors will be asked to function as disaster prevention bases, including the provision of large open areas to contribute for shelters and other needs and as bases for storing emergency materials.
 2)  Distribution base function in disaster areas
Ports and harbors will be requested to ensure a distribution base function, to play a key role for the economy and industry, including basic international sea container transportation, from the viewpoint of rapid economic recovery in disaster-stricken regions and maintenance of industry global competitiveness.
 3)  Support function for alternative transportation
If the land transport function passing through a disaster-stricken area has deteriorated because of a large-scale earthquake, to ensure inter-regional transport ports and harbors will be requested to function to support the movement of freight and travelers being detoured around the disaster area by marine transport. Moreover, when ocean transport is not possible because of port and harbor damage, ports and harbors will be asked to ensure their transportation function using alternative ports and harbors.
 4)  Tsunami disaster defense function
Ports and harbors in regions that can be expected to be struck by tsunami will be requested to protect their port and harbor functions from tsunami as well as function to ensure the safety of dockworkers and visitors.

 2.  Development of large-scale earthquake and tsunami measures at ports and harbors

 1)  Strengthen disaster prevention base functions for disaster recovery
 ·  Support for early recovery in disaster-stricken areas
 ·  Respond to wide-area, extensive damage
 ·  Ensure smooth transport of goods such as emergency materials to disaster-stricken areas
 2)  Strengthen distribution base function in disaster-stricken areas
 ·  Ensure basic international sea container transport
 ·  Ensure port and harbor logistics fulfill an important role for the local economy and industry
 3)  Strengthen support function for alternative transportation
 ·  Gather and disseminate information on wide-area facilities damage
 ·  Strengthen cooperation among ports and harbors
 4)  Strengthen defense functions against tsunami disasters
 ·  Assess tsunami damage at ports and harbors
 ·  Conduct tsunami observations and transmit information
 ·  Shelter dockworkers and visitors
 ·  Protect port functions

 3. Efforts for steady implementation of measures

 1)  Comprehensive efforts to cooperate with concerned parties
 2)  Promote ports and harbors administration from the viewpoint of disaster prevention
 3)  Establish organization for early restoration of port and harbor facilities
 4)  Evaluate large-scale earthquake measures at ports and harbors
 5)  Re-inspect earthquake resistance of port and harbor facilities
 6)  Promote technological development and upgrades to design techniques

2  Improvement of large-scale earthquake measures and facilities

  Based on the lessons of the Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake, the Ports and Harbours Bureau formulated and publicly released its Basic Policy for Improvement of Large-scale Earthquake Measures and Facilities at Ports and Harbors in December 1996. Based on this basic policy, improvements to earthquake-proof berths are being implemented.

[Progress Report on Earthquake-proof Berth Improvements]
Improvements completed
(As of the end of April 2005)
Ports and harbors to be improved
Transport of emergency materials, etc. 147 berths  
International sea container terminal 14 berths Hub international harbors and core international harbors in three major bays (Tokyo Bay, Osaka Bay and Ise Bay) and northern Kyushu*
* Ports and harbors that will be the core facilities in Hokkaido, the Sea of Japan Chubu, east Tohoku, north Kanto, the Suruga Bay coast, Chugoku, southern Kyushu and Okinawa
Progress Report on Earthquake-proof Berth Improvements

[Disaster prevention base green belts and evacuation shelter green belts]
  Number improved
(As of the end of Fiscal 2004)
Disaster prevention base green belt 18 ports (18 locations)
Port-premises green belt
completed: 6 locations
For green belts positioned in the regional disaster prevention plan as disaster prevention base green belts that will function together with the berth when the earthquake-proof berth is completed. 
Evacuation shelter green belt 36 ports (44 locations)
Port-premises green belt
completed: 33 locations
For facilities positioned as evacuation shelters in the regional disaster prevention plan.

[Improvement of the basic wide-area disaster prevention base in the Tokyo Bay Waterfront (Rinkai) area
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