Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
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Ports and Harbours Bureau
Port town development utilizing "warehouses" (Port of Onahama)


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Onahama Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2
[Onahama Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2]
  Current local conditions
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Onahama Port (Important Port)
Port management body: Fukushima Prefecture
Municipal location: Iwaki
Population: 362,000 (Basic Resident Register as of March 2003)
Number of visitors: About 2.5 million people
(Aquamarine area, 2002 survey of nationwide sightseeing trends)

Current conditions at Port of Onahama
   During the Edo Period a magistrate's office was established at Port of Onahama as a directly controlled territory of the shogunate, and during the Meiji Era, the port was developed as a loading point for coal produced by the Tokiwa colliery. In 1964, the government specified the city as a new industrial city, and afterwards a seaside industrial area was formed around Onahama as an international trade port. On the other hand, Onahama also was known as a deep sea fishery base, and the port town had developed centered on the fishing industry.
  Today, however, the town's central business district is being hollowed out, large-scale suburban commercial facilities are being established, and the central area is gradually losing its vitality.
  Faced with these circumstances, redevelopment was carried out centered on Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2, and the Iwaki tourist and seafood products center Iwaki La La Mew (1997), marine science pavilion Aquamarine Fukushima (2000) and port green zone Aquamarine Park (2000) were constructed. As a result, the prefecture's largest, lively space for people to relax and mingle was created, and now attracts 2.5 million tourists annually.

  Local issues
Integration of a bustling port and town
   The effects from the crowds at the tourist facilities at Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2, the largest and liveliest visitor space in the prefecture (roughly 2.5 million people annually) has not been extended to the urban area beyond the facilities.
  The reason given is that the coastal railway and warehouse cluster physically separate the popular port areas from the other urban areas.



  Port town development objectives
Integration of urban areas and the port's seaside amenities and tourist areas
  Now expanding the busy spaces confined to Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2 to the inland urban area.
  Will enhance the function of Aquamarine Park as a plaza of citizen relaxation.

Iwaki La La Mew
[Iwaki La La Mew]
  Port assets utilized
 Iwaki La La Mew (Privatized facility)
  A sightseeing and seafood products center where restaurants, a museum and other amenities are concentrated to enable visitors to taste the full range of Iwaki products. Sells Iwaki specialties.
  The quasi-public corporation Iwaki City Tourism and Products Center Co., Ltd. was established in 1997 as a privatized facility.

Aquamarine Fukushima
[Aquamarine Fukushima]
 Aquamarine Fukushima
  An aquarium combining the functions of a maritime museum, science pavilion and botanical garden.
  Built by Fukushima Prefecture in 2000.

Flea market at Aquamarine Park
[Flea market at Aquamarine Park]
 Aquamarine Park (Port green belt)
  Opened as a water amenity space and plaza where citizens can relax, where flea markets and events are held regularly. Constructed by Fukushima Prefecture in 2000.

Warehouse cluster
[Warehouse cluster]
 Warehouse cluster
  Located between Aquamarine Park and the adjacent urban area, these buildings currently are being used as warehouses.



Cultural event at the warehouses: Environmental Art in Onahama
[Cultural event at the warehouses: Environmental Art in Onahama]



Onahama Town Development Grand Design
[Onahama Town Development Grand Design]



Flea market at Aquamarine Park
[Flea market at Aquamarine Park]
  Port town development that unites "port" and "town"
Project organization
  An Iwaki town development foundation, the Reporting and Coordination Council for Beneficial Utilization of the Onahama Warehouse District, was formed by Onahama Town Development Citizens Coalition, an Iwaki town development group, and the Iwaki Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the warehouse management companies, The Fukushima Marine Science Pavilion Corporation, which operates Aquamarine Fukushima, the Iwaki City Tourism and Products Center Co., Ltd., Fukushima Prefecture and the Iwaki Municipal Government. The foundation is chaired by the director of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Tohoku Regional Bureau's Onahama Port Office.

  The Onahama Town Development Citizens Coalition was established in December 2000 by Executive Director Satomi Jun and others as an organization to unite the numerous groups that were working in Onahama for local revitalization. Along with being entrusted with activities based on an agreement with Fukushima Prefecture, the port management body that operates Aquamarine Park, and implementing flea markets and various other events, in 2001 the coalition drafted and proposed to the government the "Onahama Town Development Grand Design, outlining a long-term vision for Onahama port revitalization. The group also has created and sells an Onahama guidebook, trains tour guides, implements downtown concerts and participates in "Port Festival" events held at Onahama Port.

Surveys of ordinary citizens concerning proposals for beneficial use of the warehouses conducted
Summary
  A questionnaire survey was conducted among ordinary citizens who visited product exhibition booths at the "Environmental Art in Onahama" event held on October 25 and 26 (a Saturday and Sunday), at the flea market pavilion at Aquamarine Park, and among organizations such as the Iwaki Port Festival Executive Committee general meeting on October 30.
Survey dates: October - December 2003
Location: Aquamarine Park visitors, etc.
Number of individuals surveyed: 160 Iwaki residents and 48 individuals who live in suburban areas

Results of actions
  When asked what facilities they would like to seek at Aquamarine Park, 28% of the respondents said an all-weather event plaza, 21% named international restaurants, and 13% cited shops offering general imported merchandise, indicating these three facilities to be high on the list of citizens' needs.
  In addition, when asked what should be done with the existing warehouses, the majority of the Iwaki citizens and 43% of the respondents who live in the suburbs answered the facilities should be used by renovating and improving them.

Facilities visitors would like to see at Aquamarine Park
[Facilities visitors would like to see at Aquamarine Park]

Opinions concerning how to utilize the existing warehouses
[Opinions concerning how to utilize the existing warehouses]



Rough estimate of costs for beneficial use of the warehouses
Summary
  Verified the improvement/repair items if the warehouses are used for an all-weather event plaza, international restaurants and shops offering general imported merchandise, the uses with the highest need according to the local citizen survey.

A  
All-weather event plaza (indoor plaza)
Building Standard Law:
Required - Lighting (windows, lighting for emergencies)
Fire Defense Law:
Required - Automated fire alarm equipment
Required - Elimination of floors with no windows (installation of wickets)
Required - Emergency equipment (exit signs)
B  
Multiple facilities (restaurants, commercial shops, galleries, etc.)
Building Standard Law:
Required - Lighting (windows, lighting for emergencies)
Required - Smoke ventilation system (windows in 15 places)
Required - Interior decoration restrictions (semi- fireproof interior)
Fire Defense Law:
Required - Automated fire alarm equipment
Required - Elimination of floors with no windows (installation of wickets)
Required - Emergency equipment (exit signs)
Required - Indoor fire-plug equipment (package type)

Reporting and Coordination Council for Beneficial Utilization of the Onahama Warehouse District
[Reporting and Coordination Council for Beneficial Utilization of the Onahama Warehouse District]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cultural event at the warehouses: Environmental Art in Onahama
[Busy warehouse district (the warehouse cluster can be seen in the distance)]
*Photographic taken during an event
Decision on measures for beneficial use of the Onahama Port warehouse district
Summary
  The measures for beneficial use of the warehouse cluster located between Onahama Wharf No. 1 and Wharf No. 2 and the downtown area was discussed among the concerned parties at the Reporting and Coordination Council for Beneficial Utilization of the Onahama Warehouse District, based on the results of the citizen questionnaires and the results of the rough estimate of costs for warehouse renovations and improvements.
Discussion dates: November 2003 to March 2004 (five meetings)
Location: Town Development Station Onahama (offices of Onahama Town Development Citizens Coalition), Port Office conference room
Themes: Development of the warehouse district
Need to preserve the landscape and the vitality of private sector activities through warehouse renovations and improvements
Operating structure for warehouse use160 Iwaki residents and 48 individu

Results of actions
  Advanced study of implementation measures, including proposals such as renovation of the green belt and other areas as communal-use facilities and beneficial use of the existing warehouses by private organizations, for measures for beneficial use of the warehouse district.
  Advanced study of implementation measures, including proposals such as renovation of the green belt and other areas as communal-use facilities and beneficial use of the existing warehouses by private organizations, for measures for beneficial use of the warehouse district.
  Council member made a trip to inspect Takahama Alley (Takamatsu) as a pioneering example of warehouse use.

  Future port town development efforts
  Further deepen discussions in the future, and cooperate with concerned parties towards creation of a lively port through beneficial use of the warehouse district.
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