Policy Research Institute for Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

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Research themes for this year are as follows.

 ◆Research on the maintenance and development measures of public transport
   (1)Research on the effectiveness analysis of the entry of LCC into the Japanese market.
   (2)Study on maintenance and revitalization of local public transport
 ◆Study of the Japanese logistics operators' advance into overseas markets
 ◆Study on the method of strengthening disaster prevention power by mutual assistance with a condominium association, the neighborhood association and others.
 ◆Research on the solution to the problem caused by the vacant lots increases and study on how to use them to enhance the resilience of the city
 ◆Study of the facilitation of intergenerational relocation for the reactivation of the local community by creating the multi-generational coexistence society
 ◆Research on organizational safety management methods of transport companies
 ◆Research on measures against a new type of influenza, etc., in public transport







◆Research on the maintenance and development measures of public transport

(1)Research on the effectiveness analysis of the entry of LCC into the Japanese market.
   
Peach Aviation started flying from March 2012. 
The purpose of this study is to investigate quantitatively and qualitatively, the effect given to the domestic market of aviation, railway, and bus brought by of the entry of low-cost carriers. In addition, we will investigate how the regional airports attract low-cost carriers and how the entry of LCC impacts regional economy.
Director for Policy Research
Senior Research Coordinator
Research Officer
Research Officer

Tomoharu HASE
Yasushi MATSUNAGA
Shinnosuke WATANABE
Tadahiro UCHIDA


(2)Study on maintenance and revitalization of local public transport
   
LRT in Dusseldorf  
 Public transports are experiencing line reduction due to the decrease of the users. U.S, Europe, and other countries have positioned the maintenance of urban public transport as an essential of the urban function, and the maintenance of service level is achieved.
In order to maintain the local public transportation in Japan, local public transport policy of these foreign countries will be informative.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the latest overseas system.

Director for Policy Research
Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Tomoharu HASE
Tadahiro UCHIDA
Shinnosuke WATANABE
Akihito NAKAO



◆Study of the Japanese logistics operators' advance into overseas markets

Countries of ASEAN, whose economic growth are remarkable, are expected to further invigorate their regional economies by economic integration of ASEAN economic community in 2015. And it is essential for Japan to take in ASEAN’s economic growth.
Supposing the scenario on a change of the industrial zone and consumer market in future Asia which may happen (assuming 2020), the study clarifies the environmental factor, bottleneck which obstructs the realization of the ideal physical distribution network, and strategies of foreign affiliated logistics operators and competitive countries, aiming to contribute to the decision-making of Japanese logistic operators in the future to advance into ASEAN markets.

Director for Policy Research
Senior Research Coordinator
Research Officer
Research Officer
Tomoharu HASE
Yasushi MATSUNAGA
Tadashi KATO
Kousuke TAKEDA



◆Study on the method of strengthening disaster prevention power by mutual assistance with a condominium association, the neighborhood association and others.

It is well known that the mutual assistance in the local community contributed significantly to the reduction of the damage at the time of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and the Great East Japan Earthquake.
The purpose of this study is to find out a method to strengthening disaster prevention power by mutual assistance with a condominium association, a neighborhood association and others.
At first in this study, we investigate about actual condition of disaster prevention and crisis management of condominium associations, neighborhood associations, municipalities, condominium management companies and developers.
Next we study the method of strengthening disaster prevention power by mutual assistance with a condominium association, a neighborhood association a condominium management company and a developer.
Finally, we will study the policy and the support systems that required to advance each interested parties action for strengthening disaster prevention power by mutual assistance.

Senior Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Fumito BITO
Atsuko SAKAI
Fumio TANAKA
Chiemi KAJIWARA



◆Research on the solution to the problem caused by the vacant lots increases and study on how to use them to enhance the resilience of the city


 
This study aims to discuss the methods to cope with the following two important issues by finding the way to utilize the vacant lots which are appearing inside cities.
The first issue relates to the problems which will be caused by the emergence of vacant lots in the future of Japan. In certain areas, where the number of vacant lots is apt to increase explosively, there is an urgent need to grasp the situation and prepare beforehand for the problems that we might face.
Another is the need to find a way to change the urban structure so that cities will have resilience against catastrophic natural disasters, in accordance with the increasing probability of occurrence of the large scale earthquake.

Senior Research Coordinator
Research Officer
Research Officer
Arata HIROMATSU
Atsuko SAKAI
Tadafumi AKENO



◆Study of the facilitation of intergenerational relocation for the reactivation of the local community by creating the multi-generational coexistence society

Accompanying the arrival of the aging of society with low birth rate and changes in the social situation, it is required for us to create “the multi-generational coexistence society” which prevents the decline of the regional vitality due to the aging of local residents. And “the recycling-oriented society” is also required which passes good-quality residential stock down to the future generations in order to realize the sustainable and vigorous regional development.
We think the selection factors of residential place and style have a significant impact not only on individuals to realize the comfortable living environment, but also on the medium-and-long term population composition.
The purpose of this study is to find out the selection factors of the residential place and style from the following points of view. At first we research the actual situation of relocation, next we grasp the factors that are preventing the spread of relocation, and finally we try to make a basic data which is useful to policymaking.

Senior Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Fumito BITO
Tadafumi AKENO
Yoshiya ONO
Fumio TANAKA



◆Research on organizational safety management methods of transport companies

A focus on human dimensions will be required in order to handle not only the safety of transport, but also the risk during the process of operations including work-related accidents or compliance,etc. in an organized manner. The institute has developed "Measuring instrument of corporate culture"concerning the safety for operators to improve their activities and released it to the public. We continue to collect the examples of an utilization and support operator's efforts to improve safety awareness.

Director for Policy Research
Research Officer
Research Officer
Tomoharu HASE
Kousuke TAKEDA
Akihito NAKAO



◆Research on measures against a new type of influenza, etc., in public transport

The act of special measures against new-type flu provides that general operators should have the responsibility of cooperating with measures and taking appropriate measures in project implementation during an outbreak of a new type of influenza. And also the designated public institutions and local public institutions should have the responsibility of implementing countermeasures against a new influenza, etc.. Therefore, we will consider in this study the method to balance the preventive measures against a new type of influenza and its spread in public transport with business continuity.

Director for Policy Research
Research Officer
Research Officer
Research Officer
Tomoharu HASE
Kaori KIKUCHI
Tadashi KATO
Akihito NAKAO