Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
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Policy Bureau
General Principles of Universal Design Policy
III. Specific measures

3.  Promotion of integrated and comprehensive barrier free measures

   In order to remove barriers from buildings and public transportation systems and to promote integrated and continuous barrier free space in stipulated districts around railway stations etc. to implement comprehensive removal of barriers, a legal system intended to integrate the Heartful Building Law and the Barrier Free Law will be constructed.

(Examples of measures based on legal systems)

   Enactment of a basic national policy for comprehensive removal of barriers that will form barrier free spaces not only in transportation facilities, but continuous space including buildings.
   Introduction of the following measures to implement comprehensive barrier removal measures
–   Promoting the expansion of the areas where barrier free measures are planned and the removal of barriers not only from transportation facilities, but from facilities surrounding them.
–   Creation of systems to remove barriers from buildings linked to barrier free routes stipulated by the basic concept (in existing buildings, the promotion of partial and staged barrier free measures).
   Introduction of the following measures to encourage the enactment of basic concepts
–   In a case where an agreement has been reached on fundamental policies to remove barriers, basic policies concerning part of the concepts of the basic concept are established in advance, permitting the later establishment of specific improvement plans.
–   Prefectures can contribute to the removal of barriers from large transportation facilities and from routes spanning multiple cities, towns, and villages.
   To reflect the views of a variety of types of users, the participation of responsible officials through the formation of a cooperative committee at the time of the enactment of a basic concept and obtaining proposals from NPO and residents concerned with the drafting of the basic concept are systematized.
   In order to encourage integrated and continuous removal of barriers through links between concerned organizations, agreements concerning management by facility managers and methods of creating corporations to operate and manage barrier free facilities are established.
   Greater removal of barriers from transportation facilities, vehicles, and from homes etc. is encouraged through the following measures
   Regarding existing railway stations where it is difficult to remove barriers because of problems with the structure of the stations and ensuring introduction space, support is given to improvement measures based on these factors.
   Encouragement is given to the removal of barriers from all busses including the introduction of more non-step busses and community busses *11, tourist busses, etc. And barriers are removed from taxis etc. by introducing welfare vehicles etc., and the provision of STS (special transport services *12) is encouraged.
   Financial support for the construction of public rental housing and for private housing encourages the formation of a barrier free housing stock.

*11  Community busses: Bus systems serving small districts operated mainly by regional government bodies in order to improve the welfare of regional residents by eliminating districts without access to transportation or with inconvenient access to transportation to encourage elderly people to go outside their homes, and to promote the use of public transportation. The vehicles are compact so the can run on narrow streets, and they often operate with innovative rates, schedules, and bus stop locations.
*12 STS (Special Transport Service): Individual transport services for people whose ability to move is restricted because they cannot use normal public transportation services unaided: mainly people requiring nursing care or physically handicapped people.
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