2.6. Recent Topics in Japanese Ports
2.6.4 Southern Hyogo Prefecture Earthquake and Earthquake
Resistant Port Facilities
1) Southern Hyogo Earthquake Overview
The Southern Hyogo Earthquake (The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake)
occurred at 5:46 am on January 17, 1995, bringing enormous suffering
to the Hanshin and Awaji areas. The earthquake hit the Port of
Kobe particularly hard, significantly damaging most of the large
public quay walls and loading sites. The Port of Kobe was effectively
paralyzed; this not only hurt distribution in Japan, but significantly
affected international distribution as well.
2) Systematic Framework for Port Facility
Reconstruction Support: Southern Hyogo Earthquake
The facilities at the Port of Kobe sustained enormous damage
during the Southern Hyogo Earthquake of 1995. The Ministry of
Transport, Kobe City and the Kobe Port Terminal Corporation supervised
the reconstruction of public facilities, the cost of which reached
approximately 570 billion yen.
One of the objectives outlined in the "Preliminary and Basic
Policy for Reconstruction of' the Port of Kobe," enacted
by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Was the
complete restoration of port functioning within approximately
two years. The Earthquake Disaster Restoration Headquarters were
established by the government (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure
and Transport) at one of the District Port Construction Bureaus
under its jurisdiction to ensure that the restoration of the
Port of Kobe was complete within this limited amount of time.
Reconstruction 'was either directly controlled by the government
or carried out in cooperation with related organizations and
was completed within the two-year timeframe as scheduled.
3) Construction and Reinforcement of Facilities
for Large-Scale Earthquakes
Ports and Harbors Bureau, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure
and Transport enacted the "Basic Policy on Construction
and Reinforcement of Facilities to Cope with Large-Scale@Earthquakes
in Ports and Harbors" in 1996 based on its experience with
the Southern Hyogo Earthquake.