Establishment of the Tsukuba Science City Construction Act
In order to promote the construction of Tsukuba Science City, the Tsukuba Science City Construction Act was established in May 1970. This act sets the city's construction aims as "establishing a science city appropriate for conducting experimental research and education while at the same time developing a well-balanced rural city, and contributing to the ease of the excessive population concentration in the existing Tokyo metropolitan area." The act also states the area of the Science City, the organization of development plan for the city and the surrounding region, a general design for actually putting projects into effect, as well as other aspects of the undertaking.
(The entire area of Tsukuba City)
and Education District||The
area in which provisions should be made for the relocation or the new construction
of institutional facilities,as well as other public and community facilities and
(Article 2,Paragraph 3)
Plan of the Research and Education District
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism makes a decision in consultation with local public authorities and heads
of administrative agencies involved.(Article 4 Paragraph 1)|
Contents of plan(Article
Items concerning land use and the population size
concerning the relocation or the construction of newly built experimental research
facilities and other institutes including universities.
the construction of the necessary public facilities such as roads community facilities
such as schools and housing that should be developed along with experimental research
other than the Research and Education District
(Article 2, Paragraph 5)
Development Plan of the Surrounding Suburban District||Governor
of Ibaraki Prefecture makes a plan in consultation with mayors of the relevant
cities and towns(Article 8,Paragraph 1)|
Contents of Plan(Article 7,Paragraph
Items concerning land use and the population size.
the construction of public facilities such as roads and community facilities such
Items concerning the installation of facilities or equipment for
the modernization of agriculture
Bodies (national and local public authorities,Urban Renaissance Agency,etc)
Securing funds and others(Article 13)
Fundamental Principles of the Tsukuba Science City Construction Plan
February 1971, a year after the Tsukuba Science City Construction Act was established,
the Promotion Headquarters, in line with the Construction Act, set up the "Fundamental
Principles of the Tsukuba Science City construction Plan" and the "Outline
of the Development Plan for Public-works Projects in Tsukuba Science City", which
presented the concrete details of the construction plan. These principles explain
the basic policy of building the city as follows:
Science City shall be developed in such a way as to enable the efficient conduct
of high-level research and educational activities in mutual organic collaboration,
while at the same time, in such a way as to maintain residents wholesome and cultured
living by preserving its natural environment and historical heritage.
- In building the Science City, the site shall be divided
into two districts: the Research and Education District and the Suburban Development
District. They shall be developed in a comprehensive and unified fashion, making
the most of their respective characteristics.
arranging the location of national and private research institutions and educational
institutions including universities in the Research and Education District, they
shall be put together to constitute a number of unified complexes,each of which
represents the characteristics of their own research and educational fields.Organic
collaboration and complementary relationship among different complexes shall also
be taken into consideration.
- As regards private
research institutions, a positive attempt shall be made to attract to the city
those equivalent to national experimental and research institutions, those having
a close and inseparable relationship with governmental research activities, and
those which should be brought to the city from the standpoint of research functions.Also,
with regard to private universities, positive efforts shall be made for their
- As for public-works projects in the
Science City, priority shall be given to construct those facilities necessary
for the Science City to carry out its functions.
regard to the Suburban District, its growth shall be promoted to maintain balance
with the Research and Education District.