Chapter 2 The Transport Industry and Advances in Internationalization

1. Dealing with Problems

    The Ministry for Transport appointed Vice-Minister for International Affairs in July 1991, who will work to strengthen the implementation of international transport policies. This step is aimed at strengthening Japan's international position and ensuring that it makes an active contribution internationally in the transport area.
  (1) Strengthening of the International Transport Network
    The Ministry proposes a higher level of expansion and construction of an international transport network centered on Japan. This is aimed at activating the international flow of both people and goods.
    Air transport policies include a multiple national airline policy for Japanese airlines operating internationally and the introduction of international routes operating from regional airports.
    Maritime transport policies are being adjusted in line with those of other OECD and GATT countries and include cooperation in providing regular passenger services to countries in surrounding regions.
  (2) Harmony with International Society
    A report was requested by the MOT, in June 1991, in relation to the US-Japan Structural Impediments Initiative Talks, on information regarding infrastructure dealing with imports, such as air and sea ports.
    The MOT has undertaken to implement measures for the construction of air and sea ports, in line with a new five-year plan based on this report.
    In a Cabinet Decision taken in 1988, it was decided that the opportunity should be given for participation by leading overseas firms in the Japanese construction industry.
    Measures have since been taken for participation by these firms in Major Projects Arrangements (MPA) financed by the Japanese government. In negotiations held last year concerning the conditions under which the MPA are to be implemented, agreement was made for further easing access to overseas firms and an increase in the number of projects covered by the MPA.
    In the GATT Uruguay Round, in addition to trade in commodities which has been dealt with until now, trade in services was also covered. An agreement is now being drafted for further liberalization.
    The Ministry of Transport is actively participating in negotiations, focusing on sea and air transport. The Ministry is also promoting internationalization of a system for standards and certification of vehicles, and participating in the OECD Shipbuilding Subcommittee, for a reduction in government aid in the shipbuilding sector.

2. Contribution to International Society

  (1) Contribution Towards Resolution of the Persian Gulf Crisis
    On the occurrence of the Gulf Crisis, Japanese airline companies loaned aircraft for refugee rescue and Japanese cargo lines were used for the shipment of goods, in response to government requests. Japan also contributed oil fences to Persian Gulf countries and dispatched with environment and oil pollution experts to assist in polluted areas.
  (2) Strengthening International Cooperation
    Japan has a high level of technical expertise in the transport sector, and developing countries have high expectations of Japan as a source of technical knowhow.
    The Ministry of Transport gives support to developing countries in line with the needs of the individual country. Aid is given according to individual country and sector along the lines of an aid direction, and is formulated based on an aid plan and an environmental manual which consider projects from the perspective of an ideal international environment.
    Japan cooperates in response to changes in international society. It participates in the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (APEC), and has dispatched experts to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
  (3) Cooperation in International Scientific Technology
    Transport-related technology such as aircraft safety, aircraft security systems, and meteorological services are used worldwide. Results of technological developments are reflected extensively in international standards and international research is very significant in this area.
    Japan has superior technological expertise in each of these areas and is expected to make a big contribution internationally.
    The Ministry of Transport has cooperated with 14 countries on 87 scientific technology themes. Personnel have been exchanged and cooperative research has been carried out within the framework of the Agreement for Bilateral Technological Cooperation.
  (4) Participation in International Exposition on Vessels and the Sea
    Japan will participate in the international exposition on Vessels and the Sea in Genova in Italy held over a period of three months from May 1992. The event is the 500th memorial of the discovery of the Americas. Official participation, centered on the Ministry of Transport, was decided in through a Cabinet Decision in March 1991 and preparations are now underway.

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