Truck transport now accounts for more than half of distribution in Japan.
Growth in this area has been very rapid; it has taken advantage of door-to-door
delivery and the flexibility and convenience truck delivery offers, regardless
of end point or the trunk line of operation.
However, labor shortages in the industry continue to intensify. To overcome the shortage, rather than using truck transport on trunk routes, it is preferable to use more efficient rail or sea transport. The trend is known as "modal shift".
The Ministry of Transport is supporting an increase in rail cargo transport capacity, establishing loading terminals by domestic trading unit, and offering tax breaks for flat-back type train carriages.