PART I     General Outlook of Transport Economy in FY 1979

CHAPTER 1. Economic Trends and Transportation Activities
  1.1 Economy
  1.2 Transportation
CHAPTER 2. Passenger Transport
  2.1 International Passenger Transport
  2.2 Domestic Passenger Transport
CHAPTER 3. Freight Transport
  3.1 International Freight Transport
  3.2 Domestic Freight Transport
CHAPTER 4. Transport Facilities
  4.1 Public Investment
  4.2 Private Equipment Investment
CHAPTER 5. Traffic Safety, Disaster Prevention and Environmental Preservation
  5.1 Traffic Safety
  5.2 Earthquakes and Countermeasures
  5.3 Environmental Preservation
CHAPTER 6. Promotion of International Cooperation
  6.1 Economic Cooperation for Developing Countries
  6.2 Promotion of International Understanding Through Tourism

PART II     Transport at the Threshold of the 1980s
-Looking Back on Turbulent Decade-

CHAPTER 1. Structural Changes in Transport
  1.1 Improvement in Living and Passenger Transport
  1.2 Structural Changes in the Economy and Freight Transport
  1.3 Energy Situation Tightening Further
  1.4 The Future Thrust of Passenger and Freight Transport
CHAPTER 2. JNR's Crisis and Rehabilitation Plans
CHAPTER 3. Shipping, Shipbuilding and Ports in Transition Period
  3.1 Changing International Shipping Climate and Future Course of Ocean Shipping
  3.2 Changed Situation for Seamen and New Seafaring System
  3.3 Shipbuilding in Transition Period
  3.4 Ports Coping with Diversification of Demand
CHAPTER 4. Expansion of Air Transportation and Development of Airports


Appendix A. Organization of the Ministry of Transport
Appendix B 1, 2. Domestic Passenger Transport by Transport Mode
Appendix C. Domestic Freight Transport by Transport Mode
Appendix D. Japan's International Transport
Appendix E. Transport-Related Invisible Trade Balance
Appendix F. Changes in Transport-Related Invisible Trade Balance
Appendix G. Correlation between Domestic Passenger Transport and the real Private Final Consumption Expenditure
Appendix H. Correlation between Domestic Freight Transport and the real GNP
Appendix I. Share Rate of Freight Transport (ton-kms) by Commodities and Mode of Transport
Appendix J-(1). Changes in Share Rate of Passenger Transport by Mode of Transportation in Three Major Megalopolises (passengers)
Appendix J-(2). Changes in Share Rate of Freight Transport by Mode of Transportation in Areas Other Than Three Major Megalopolises (passengers)



General Note:
1. Fiscal year in Japan is from April I to March 31 of the next year.
2. Ton-kilometer and passenger-kilometer are statistical units denoting the total
volume of transport. Ton-kilometer is the product of the weight of freight transported (tons) and the distance of its transportation (kilometers). Passenger-kilometer is the product of the number of passengers transported and the dis-trance of their transportation (kilometers).
3. The volume of freight and passenger transport does not include the volume of transport by light motor vehicles. Light motor vehicle is four-wheeled car with total displacement up to 0.55 liter.
4. JNR stands for Japanese National Railways. Shinkansen is a bullet train system which has been operated by JNR since 1964.